|Shramik Kendra, 4, Bhai Veer Singh Marg, New Delhi – 110 001, Phone : 91 11 23747767, Fax : 91 11 233642|
“The workers in India are only a section of the people and not a class apart. The culture and their tradition form part of the common heritage of the people of India. In organizing them and seeking the redressal of their grievances, ways and means have to be evolved in consonance with our condition. No more grafting or transplantation of a foreign ideology or method however suited to the condition else where, is likely to yield healthy results here. What is required is an indigenous movement having its roots in the Indian and soil. Such a movement has for long been in existence and has attained a remarkable center. A new organization, that would give the correct lead to the working class and strives to established social justice, peace and security with a constitution and working. Which would be essentially democratic giving every one of its constituent units ample scope for free expression of views and action has become imperative.”
Thus declared the iron man and unifier of India. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, in his presidential address to unique congregation of national leader like Pandit Javaharlal Nehru, Jagjivan Ram, Aruna Asaf Ali, Ram Manohar Lohia, G. Ramanujam, V.V. David, Shankar Rao Deo, B.G. Kher, O.P. Ramasami Reddiar, Ravi ShankarShukla, Hare Krishna Mehtab, S.K. Patil, Kamaldevi Chattopadhyaya, Ahoka Mehta, R.R. Diwakar and Bhimasen Sacar. Prominent among the labour leaders attending the conference were G.L. Nanda, Khadubhai Desai, Suresh Chandra Banerjee, Abid Ali Jaffarbhoy Michael John, Deven Sen, Harihar Nath Shashtri, S.R. Vasavda, S.P. Sen, R.K. Khedgikar, G.L. Mapara and G.D. Ambekar. They had all gathered at conference, held at the Constitution Club, New Delhi on May 3 and 4 ,1947 , determined to form a new trade union centre which could voice the genuine demands for realizing the aspirations of the working class in the country, at the same time keeping the national interest foremost in view. The number of trade unions centre which could voice the genuine demands for realization of the working class in the country, at the same time keeping the national interest foremost in view. The number of trade unions represented at the same conference was 200 with a total membership of over 5,65,000.
Acharya J.B. Kripalani, the then president of the Indian National Congess who inaugurated the conference, in his address said: “ The proposed organization should not hesitate to employe the weapon of strike, if it were essential to promote the true interest of labour. But that weapon is to be employed only after due consideration and with aim was to achieve any legitimate economic and social objective. But it would however , not only be misuse of this weapon but doing actual harm to labour’s own interests if it were to be employes for the attainment of sectional political ends. If labour were to submit its organized strength to such exploitation. It would become a mere tool in the hands of unscrupulous party politicians.
Blessing the new organization, the Acharya said: “It is a happy augury for the Indian working class that trained and trusted leaders of the labour movement are starting the new central organization on healthy lines.”
Explaining the circumstances that led to the proposed organization, Shri Ghulzari Lal Nanda, Secretary of the Hindustan Mazdoor Sewak Sangh under whose auspices the meeting was held, pointed out that to disclosed the productive organization of the nation at that crucial period in the history of the country was really to strike a direct blow on the life of the nation and its political integrity and it would harm which the communist activity was causing from day to day if to mischief was not counteracted at once.
Concluding Shri Nanda said: “While there is no common ground between those inspired by communist philosophy and those who have fail in democracy, the proposed organization can provide a broad platform and ensure the largest measure of unity as the latter in pursuit of the aim of the labour movement.”
The main resolution moved by Dr. Suresh Chandra Banrjee said: “Whereas the course of the labour movement in the country is taking under the leadership of those who are opposed to peaceful change and democratic methods has provide extremely detrimental to the growth of strong and healthy trade unionism and is doing incalculable harm to the true interest of the masses of the country and whereas it has become a scared and imperative obligation of those who are for the well-being of the working class to take concerted action to safeguard and promote its interest, it is resolved that to give effect to this purpose, an organization – called the INDIAN NATIONAL TRDE UNION CONGRESS be formed.”
The resolution was by late Michael John and was passed by an overwhelming majority.
Thus INTUC was born on May 3, 1947 as historic necessity, just before Indian attained independence. The constitution of INTUC was adopted in the second day’s proceedings of the conference, Mahatma Gandhi who was then in Delhi also blessed the new found trade union centre.
The INTUC ‘s aims and objects are:
- To establish an order of society which is free from hindrance in the way on an all round development of its individual members, which fosters the growth of human personality in all its aspects and goes to the utmost limit in progressively eliminating social political or economic exploitation and inequality, the profit motive in the economic activity and organization of society and the anti-social concentration in any form.
- To place industry under national ownership and control in suitable form in order to realize the aforesaid objectives in the quickest time.
- To organize society in such a manner as to ensure full employment and the best utilization of its manpower and other resources.
- To secure increasing association of the worker in the administration of industry and their full participation in its control.
- To promote generally the social civic and political interest of the working class
- To secure an effective and complete organization of all categories of workers, including agricultural labour.
- To guide and co-ordinate the activities of the affiliated organizations.
- To assist in the formation of trade unions.
- To promote the organization of workers of each industry on a nation-wide basis.
- To assist in the formation of Regional or Pradesh Branches or Federations.
- To secure speedy improvement of conditions of work and life and of the status of the workers in industry and society.
- To obtain for the workers various measures of social security, including adequate provision in respect of accidents, maternity, sickness, old age and unemployment.
- To secure a living wage for every worker in normal employment and to bring about a progressive improvement in the workers standard of living.
- To regulate hours and other conditions of work in keeping with the conditions of the workers and to ensure the proper enforcement of legislation for the protection and up-lift of labour.
- To establish just industrial relations.
- To secure redressal of grievances, without stoppages of work, by means of negotiations and conciliation and failing these by arbitration or adjudication.
- To take recourse to other legitimate method, including strikes or any suitable form of satyagraha, where adjudication is not applied and settlement of disputes within a reasonable time by arbitration is not available for the redress of grievances.
- To make necessary arrangements for the efficient conduct satisfactory and speedy conclusion of authorized strikes or satyagraha.
- To foster the spirit of solidarity, service, brotherhood co-operation and mutual help among the workers.
- To develop in the workers a sense of responsibility towards the industry and community.
- To raise the workers’ standard of efficiency and discipline.
The present office bearers of INTUC are:
Dr. G. Sanjeeva Reddy4, Bhai Veer Singh Marg, New Delhi-110 00 Gram: SHRAMIK011-23747767 (O)23747768 (O)Fax :- 23364244
Sh. Rajendra Singh 9811322971 (M)
Sh. K. K. Nair,Flat No. A/203, Nilesh Co-op. H. Soc. Ltd.,Dahisar (W), Mumbai – 400 092, 022-22612058 (O) 28928983 (R) 9820442133 (M), Fax :- 22618484
More details of the activities , net work of Pradesh branches of INTUC in the country will be available in the web site www. intuc.net INTUC owing allegiance to Congress Party was for long the largest single organisation and numero uno . It lost this position to Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh ( BJP labour front)
INTUC has played a significant role in bringing about several labour laws for protecting labour and continues to play that role and is still respected by employers, government because of its contructive approach to industrial relations problems and labour management and government relations
Dr Sanjeeva Reddy the present President of the INTUC is a very senior trade union leader of the country He was an Member of the Rajya Sabha until recently and had taken independent decision on matters of labour interest and has been advocate of cooperation and collaboration with other national trade union centres on matters common interest to working class
INTUC has been in the forefront in building solidarity with international labour movement and supported International labour Organisations (ILO) in its work and has been affiliated with International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) which represents million of workers world over
INTUC has significant presence in certain industrial sectors through it s industrial organisations in Railways, Textiles, Metals and Mines , chemicals and Petroleum
The following are the industrial organisations who are affiliated to INTUC and part of the fraternity:
- Indian National Bank Officers Congress
- Indian National Bank Employees Federations
- Indian National Building Construction,
- Forest & Woodworkers Federation
- Indian National Cement Workers Federation
- Indian National Chemical Workers Federation
- Indian National Food & Drink Workers Federation
- All India National Life Insurance Emp. Federation
- Indian National Metal Workers Federation
- Indian National Salaried Employees & Professional Workers Federation
- Indian National Defence Workers Federation 9B-1, Bhagwat Das
- Indian National Electricity Workers Federation 392, Sector 21-B
- Indian National Mineworkers Federation
- Indian National Municipal & Local Bodies Workers Federation
- Indian National Paper Mill Workers Federation
- Indian National Port & Dock Workers Federation
- National Federation of Petroleum Workers Tel-Rasayan Bhawan,
- Indian National Plantation Workers Federation Assam Chah Mazdoor Sangh,
- National Federation of Indian Railwaymen
- Indian National Rural Labour Federation
- Indian National Suger Mill Workers Federation
- Indian National Transport Workers Federation
- Federation of National Postal Organization
- National Federation of Telecommunication Organizations
- Central Govt. Employees Confederation
- Indian National Jute Workers Federation
- Indian National Glass & Potteries Workers Federation
- Indian National General Insurance Employees Federation
The present membership of INTUC from all over the country in different states of Indian Union is over 80 lacs.
INTUC has youth wing and women’s wing to look after the interest of young workers and women workers.
Presently INTUC is seriously engaged in organising the domestic workers
INTUC publishes two journals INDIAN WORKER in English and Hindi
For further information about INTUC please refer www.intuc.net
The INTUC ‘s views on the future of the organisation are :
The Trade Union Movement in the 21st Century is not going to be as smooth as it has been so far, rather it is going to be a challenging task for the working class. The analysis of global situation as made hereunder reveals that globalization of trade and liberalization of economy has considerably contributed in widening the gap between the rich and the poor. Rather the situation has become adverse in the countries which are developing or are under-development and the democratic system is under threat.
“Widening gaps between the poorest and the wealthy within and between countries is a threat to the survival of democracy. Unemployment and poverty create fertile ground for the enemies of democracy. An increasing number of countries appear on the brink of collapse and are easy prey to take over by warlords of various motivations. Democratic countries must be ready to mobilize resources to tackle poverty and, if necessary, to mobilize human resources for national growth.”
In the special meeting of the General Council of the INTUC consisting of the top leaders of the Trade Union movement of the country covering different trades and industries as well as the various States and Territories of India, having met in Mangalore on 24-25 September, 2000 and having help deep discussions on the economic and social situation of the country, including the implications and impact of policies of liberalization and privatization as well as the impact of the world phenomena of globalization and operation of multinational corporations, solemnly declares:-
That Trade Unions have been, are and will continue to be highly significant institutions of civil society in the 21st Century and the Third Millennium and most potent and reliable instruments to promote social justice in society;
That human centered development and participatory society alone can assure sustainable and equitable development as well as help humanity survive and meet the challenges of the future, and this is only possible through active, effective and meaningful involvement of the people through their representative democratic and autonomous organizations like trade unions;
That while trade union’s primary concern is to protect and promote the economic, social, cultural, political and other interests of their membership, through their activities, functioning and work, they as well endeavour to help promote the interests and welfare of the whole community;
That Trade Unions seek to help build up an egalitarian society of social equality and equal opportunity, irrespective of caste, creed, religion, colour or sex, in which alone they firmly believe their highest aspirations and aims and goals can be fully realized;
That substantial material equality and a necessary mechanism to prevent the undue passing of wealth and privilege from generation to generation is essential for assuring effective enjoyment of equality of inequality and limiting their significance, there is need as well to ensure that one kind of privilege of advantage is not manipulated to translate into achieving others;
That the ends the trade unions cherish continue to be expressed in the beautiful slogan of the French Revolution – Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. But these remain mere slogans and mocking shadows in societies without assurance of meaningful equality and full employment opportunity to all with freedom and dignity;
That globalization with its potentiality of increased trade foreign investments and new technologies offers enormous potential for economic growth and for eradication of poverty;
That today’s globalization – opening up of national borders to trade, capital and information – is driven mainly by market forces resulting in opportunities and rewards to “spread unequally and inequitably, concentrating power and wealth in a select group of people, nations and corporations, marginalizing others”;
That globalization is too important a phenomenon to be left as unmanaged as today. The need is for stronger governance to preserve the advantages of global markets and competition to ensure that globalization works for the people, and not just for profits, with greater assurance of respect for human and trade union rights, less disparity within and between nations and less marginalization of peoples and countries. In this structure of civil society must be given an effective voice and their rightful place;
That the INTUC fully endorses the ICFTU’s statements on strategies to deal with MNCs and accepts that the starting point should be to strengthen the link between the Unions indifferent countries who share the same employer. The need is to make full use of information technologies to exchange information and ideas on systematic basis and improving the effectiveness of international company councils.
For the effectively early realization of the aims and goals set out in the Narora Declaration, the Working Committee resolves to make the INTUC still more powerful and effective instrument of social justice and the vanguard of the forces of freedom, democracy and progress. Among others , the concentration will be on our,
Achieving a membership of one crore within a period of five years. For the purpose, we will have to set about the task of further strengthening of our affiliates who are mainly in the organized sector of the industry as well as to organize the unorganized in the growing informal and sprawling rural sector. The State Branches of INTUC and National Industrial Federations are called upon to convene special meeting of their Working Committees for detailed review of the existing organizational situation and to plan for the future to achieve the goal of the INTUC to have a membership of one crore. The programme should be time scheduled and properly targeted with provision for regular periodic and systematic review and appraisal.
For achieving the above the Working Committee will give all possible cooperation and help. It offers the following suggestions for the purpose:-
That review of existing organizational situation should be brutally frank even sometimes agonizing, so that suitable and bold steps are taken to remedy the weakness;
That greater stress on internal democracy and greater involvement of rank and file of the members should be laid to ensure that our affiliates more truly reflect the aspirations, problems and difficulties of their membership. For the purpose, well known methods like energising shop and local committee, education of membership and training of leadership would be given more importance.
Every member, quite naturally, judges the organization by his or her own experience of the organization. To the extent the organization has helped him or her during the time of need determines his or her response and loyalty. it is, therefore, essential for union leaders to give greater attention to the individual problems of the members and to do their utmost for their satisfactory redressal.
Trade Unions, no doubt, have to give attention to the problems of the memberes relating to the working conditions and other conditions of employment. These must be given due consideration and effective steps must be taken for their redressal through the established grievance redressal machinery in which the shop steward is the king pin. He must be enable to be more effective through proper training and councelling.
The following areas need to be immediately discussed for the preparation of guidelines for our affiliates:
- Workers participation in Equity and Management ;
- Education Research and Training;
- Health services;
- Social security;
- Employment creation
The president would appoint the Study Groups for each of the above, which are required to submit their recommendations for consideration.
For further information about INTUC please refer www.intuc.net